EUROPEAN CSOS’ PRESENTATION ON THE IMPLEMENTATION OF TENURE GUIDELINES (TG); AN UPDATE OF THE SITUATION AND THE FOUR MAIN QUESTIONS TO BE ADDRESSED 30.10.2013, Sofia, Bulgaria
Land concentration processes in Europe can be seen because of 3 key factors:
- Privatization of land property system (in the ex-socialist countries) and the exit from farming
- European agricultural policies (mainly CAP subsidies) which are incentive’s speculation on land accumulation (western countries) and reducing and centralizing the “right to produce food”, as well as the lack of public regulation that contributes the consideration of land as “commodity”
- Increased difficulties of access to land, especially for some groups, as small-scale farmers, prospective young farmers and farm-wages workers, parallel with the discrimination and marginalization of these groups
People’s struggles and innovative initiatives
CSO’s are getting organized in order to identify innovative ways to promote a wider and easier access to land for future generations. Amazing experiences how access to land can be secured are growing (Terre de Liens, Coordinamento Romano accesso alla terra, Terre-en-vue, Campi Aperti, Somonte, Croftars, Reclaim the field, etc.)
CSO’s all, around Europe, build their capacity to prevent land grabbing and their also claim for access to land: the occupation by seasonal workers of public lantifundia against privatization (struggles in Somonte – Andalusia – Spain); occupation of industrial greenhouses in Almeria by migrant farm-wages workers (Simon Sabio). Other struggles are going on all around the continent!
Local fights against structural changes of agricultural land use and access rights:
- Struggles against mining (Rosia Montana- RO)
- In cases of construction projects like the Notre-dame-des-Landes Airport (France), which are fright against to change the use of agricultural land: “The Land we lost once we lose forever”.